More than two weeks have gone since 20-kilometer mandatory evacuation and 30-kilometer voluntary indoor evacuation are issued on March 15th, centered at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. The indoor evacuation, that asks residents to stay inside their homes, can not be an effective measure against radiation exposure for many days although it can be so for shorter periods. Anticipating radioactive contamination to spread further, the evacuation order has to extend immediately to 30-kilometer area where voluntary indoor evacuation has been in effect.
Relief supplies are running out, life under indoor evacuation is very hard. You can’t go out, you can’t do anything. The indoor evacuation zone of 20 to 30 kilometers has to be upgraded to the mandatory evacuation area.
We believe 30-kilometer evacuation is not prudent enough. Residents in some areas as far as 50 kilometers from the nuclear plants may receive dangerously large dose as estimated by the System for Prediction of Environmental Emergency Dose Information, or SPEEDI, network. Cities and towns, where half or more area falls under such estimated large dose as more than 100 millisievert in internal radiation exposure organ dose equivalent, must have ways to move out entirely including local government offices.
We feel deep sympathy to the residents in the affected area; we understand that leaving your town is very painful. When it is apparent that the Fukushima nuclear disaster is worse than that of the Three Mile Island accident in terms of radioactive emission, we have to move very quickly to protect citizens and our society.
Evacuating infants, toddlers, school children, and expectant mothers must receive utmost priority due to their vulnerabilities to radiation. Since we start new school year in April, all children including first graders in evacuated areas must receive preferential attention including paperworks for transfer by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology and other officials.
Evacuation centers and temporary houses must locate outside of 80-kilometer radius from the nuclear plants to avoid re-evacuation in case radioactive contamination gets worse. Evacuating evacuee would far more painful to those affected as well as local officials.
Relief workers in the suspected radioactive contamination area need support, too. They help evacuation or tend people who are unable to evacuate, we must help them by teaching and training for radiation and radioactive protection as well as in protective supplies and decontamination. We call the Japanese government to solicit international aids to protect workers from radiation. The Greens Japan are ready to call for international aids.
In summary we, the Greens Japan, urge our government to:
1. Expand mandatory evacuation zone to 30-kilometer radius of the Fukushima nuclear plants upgrading voluntary and indoor evacuation zone within 20- and 30-kilometer radii; Locate evacuation centers and temporary house at least 80 kilometers away from the plants;
2. Issue mandatory evacuation for and relocate local government offices of Minamisoma City, Iitate Village, Kawamata Town, Namie Town, Katsurao Village, Futaba Town, Okuma Town, Tomioka Town, Naraha Town, and Hirono Town, all in Fukushima Prefecture, where more than half area of their jurisdiction falls under estimated doses of over-100 millisievert zones by SPEEDI; Issue mandatory evacuation for north-eastern part of Iwaki City where the estimation also signifies such doses;
3. Provide infants, toddlers, and school children, and their guardians, and expectant mothers with prioritized evacuation; provide administrative and other supports to all evacuated school children;
4. Organize protective measures for relief workers including teaching and training for radiation and radioactive protection, screening, and decontamination; Solicit international aids available.
Note: Preliminary SPEEDI map for estimated internal radiation organ dose equivalent caused by radioactive iodine, a press release from the Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan on 23-Mar-2011, in Japanese:
This press release states the estimation is based on the limited information for released radionuclide; total dose on the thyroid gland of one-year old child, from all iodine isotopes, between 06:00 12-Mar-2011 and 00:00 24-Mar-2011, provided a subject stays outdoors all the time.
03/30/2011 – 00:00